Long-term survival of corneal transplants and visual outcomes among private patients of corneal surgeons in Metropolitan Manila (the Philippines)
PURPOSE: There are currently no published studies on the outcomes of keratoplasty in the Philippines. This study aimed to report graft survival rates at years 1, 3, and 5 after surgery, visual outcomes, and causes of graft failure among private patients of corneal surgeons in Metropolitan Manila receiving tissue from a single local eye bank in the period 2008-2012.
DESIGN: Retrospective cohort, multicenter study.
METHODS: POPULATION: Private patients of Metro Manila corneal surgeons, receiving tissue from the Santa Lucia International Eye Bank of Manila in 2008-2012. 241 of 593 yielded sufficiently complete data sets. PROCEDURE: Donor and tissue characteristics, pre-op and latest follow-up characteristics/clinical findings were retrieved and processed. Data from the eye bank was merged with follow-up data from surgeons submitted March-October 2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years; best-corrected visual acuity as of latest follow-up; causes of failure.
RESULTS: 1-year survival: 90.4%, 3-year: 71.5%, 5-year: ~52.7%. Overall, 43.5% had VA of 20/50 or better, and 25% counting fingers or worse, with variations across diagnoses.
CONCLUSION: Though small in sample size and response rate, survival trends parallel studies with larger populations elsewhere. Specific trends like favorable survival in keratoconus were consistent. Indications for surgery have changed little since 2005, but regraft has become the most common indication. Further data collection and completion are required for multivariate analysis on factors regarding survival. Inflammation, infection, trauma, poor adherence are among the identified reasons for failure.
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